From Detecting Truth
- Theism – The belief in an omnipotent, omniscient, omnibenevolent deity, who is providentially active in the world. 
- Limited Theism – view that God is very powerful, but not omnipotent and omniscience. 
- Atheism – belief there is no God. 
- Deism – belief that an ingenious being designed and created the world but left it unattended. 
- Pantheism – belief that everything is God. 
- Agnosticism – view that we cannot know whether there is a God. 
- Naturalism - any of several philosophical stances wherein all phenomena or hypotheses commonly labeled as supernatural are either false or not inherently different from natural phenomena or hypotheses. 
- Argument Types 
- a priori – rests on premises that can be known to be true independently of experience of the world.
- posteriori – based on premises that can be known only by means of experience of the world.
- Teleological Argument – The design manifested in the world shows the hand of a grand designer. 
- Cosmological Argument – The universe is contingent – depending on something outside of itself for its existence. 
- Ontological Argument – an a priori argument for God using ontology – first proposed by Anselm of Canterbury. 
- Ontology is the philosophical study of the nature of being, becoming, existence, or reality, as well as the basic categories of being and their relationships. 
- Argument from Consensus – Virtually all cultures exhibit a belief in God(s). 
- Argument from Religious Experience – appeals to mystical experiences and claims of extraordinary revelations for God’s existence. 
- Argument from Evil – is the existence of evil compatible with the existence of God(s). 
- Theodicy – the theoretical term for the problem raised by the existence of evil in a world created by a benevolent God.
- Louis P. Pojman & James Fieser, Introduction to Philosophy, 4th Edition, Part III